What is C?C is a high-level structured oriented programming language, used in general-purpose programming, developed by Dennis Ritchie at AT&T Bell Labs, the USA between 1969 and 1973. It is fast, portable and available in all platforms. C programming is considered as the base for other programming languages, that is why it is known as mother language. If you are new to programming, C is a good choice to start your programming journey.
Facts about C
- C was invented to write an operating system called UNIX.
- C is a successor of B language which was introduced around the early 1970s.
- The language was formalized in 1988 by the American National Standard Institute (ANSI).
- The UNIX OS was totally written in C.
- Today C is the most widely used and popular System Programming Language.
- Most of the state-of-the-art software have been implemented using C.
- Today's most popular Linux OS and RDBMS MySQL have been written in C.
Advantages of C
- C is the building block for many other programming languages.
- Programs written in C are highly portable.
- Several standard functions are there (like in-built) that can be used to develop programs.
- C programs are collections of C library functions, and it's also easy to add functions to the C library.
- The modular structure makes code debugging, maintenance, and testing easier.
Disadvantages of C
- C does not provide Object Oriented Programming (OOP) concepts.
- There are no concepts of Namespace in C.
- C does not provide binding or wrapping up of data in a single unit.
- C does not provide Constructor and Destructor.