The Web, or World Wide Web (W3), is basically a system of Internet servers that support specially formatted documents. The documents are formatted in a markup language called HTML (HyperText Markup Language) that supports links to other documents.
Importance of the Web
The main importance of the internet is that it has made information available in a quick and easy manner, publicly accessible and within easy reach. Key features of the web, in particular, are its ease of use, universal accessibility, and ability to be quickly searched. A website is also important because it helps you establish credibility as a business. Most people just assume that you have a website since the vast majority of businesses do, at least the vast majority of big companies do.
History of the Web
The world wide web, or WWW, was created as a method to navigate the now extensive system of connected computers. Tim Berners-Lee, a contractor with the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), developed a rudimentary hypertext program called ENQUIRE. The program was designed to make information readily available to users, and to allow a user to explore relationships between different pages (ie, clicking to get to a different section of a website). By 1990, with the help of Robert Cailliau, Berners-Lee developed the skeletal outline of the internet, including a web browser and web server.
In 1993, Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to help further develop ease of use and accessibility of the web and made it a standard that the web should be available to the public for free and with no patent. From its very beginning, the world wide web was seen as a social construct, connecting communities of scientist and researchers from all over the world. The more the system grew, the more connected the community became.
The new breed of web standards
The new breed of sites is way more complicated than what the web was really intended for, and we still have to concern ourselves with making them semantic, accessible and usable! The HTML, CSS are the new breed of the web application. on March 7, 2007, the work on HTML was restarted with a new HTML Working Group in an open participation process. In the first few days, hundreds of participants joined to continue to work on the next version of HTML. One of the first decisions of the HTML WG was to adopt the Web Applications 1.0 spec and call it HTML5. HTML5 is a really good thing for web developers and designers because it Is mostly backward compatible with what is already there, you do not need to learn completely new languages to use HTML5.